Oral health

We will take a tour of the different evolutionary stages of the mouth of the person, from birth, and highlight some aspects that we usually do not consider when we decide to visit the dentist.

The human being is endowed with two dentitions, the milk one and the definitive one, both of which must be synchronized for a successful development of the masticatory apparatus, including the functions of chewing, phonation and aesthetics, which influences the overall well-being of the person.

The first point that we must take into account, since the newborn usually lacks teeth, is breastfeeding; This will be the essential starting point for a perfect development of the mouth, which should last a long time since it is the moment in which the development of both arches will start, as well as breathing and swallowing habits. In this stage the enemies to fight are the bottle, the pacifier and the habits of sucking the finger or the tongue.

Then the chewing, which begins with the passage to the solid feeding, will continue generating the stimulus for the development of the arches, in which the dental pieces will be accommodated. The perfect disposition of these and their gear is what will originate an enviable health of the teeth and the gums, as well as the temporal-mandibular joint. Therefore, at this stage we must monitor, with periodic visits to the dentist, that the relationship between the teeth is adequate (a selective carving at two years can save a mouth for life.).

The dental pieces must present wear and separation at the time of the change for the final pieces; if they are pointed pieces and are together, it is that mouth did not develop, for lack of masticatory function, and we will have space problems, badly placed teeth, periodontal problems, such as pyorrhea or gingivitis, in addition to caries.

Cavities must also be treated in young children to avoid extraction before replacement by the definitive ones, since they will save space for them, generating an ideal state of health.

We must bear in mind that the mouth will be affected by foot problems (caves or flat), eye problems, allergies (including food), as well as negative emotional states.

At this point it is obvious to emphasize that the medical professional who should advise the parents and ensure that oral examinations are carried out, in addition to controlling eating habits, is the pediatrician, until the adolescent becomes the responsibility of the GP.

We will conclude, then, that a child who has been breastfed for a long time and avoided the use of the bottle, who began his control visits to the dentist in his first years of life to monitor the occlusion or the correct fitting of his pieces, will come to the replacement of the final pieces in unbeatable conditions.

If you have acquired the habit of oral hygiene using the brush and floss, mainly at night, after dinner and before going to bed; In addition to periodic visits to the dentist to monitor its occlusion, it is difficult to reach the stage of having to treat its parts for cavities; but if this arrives, they should be treated with materials that do not carry mercury, but composites, resins, porcelain incrustations, etc., but always metal-free materials. If the caries is so advanced that we must reach the revitalization of the piece, in its reconstruction we will use a post that is not metal, fiberglass or zirconium, etc.

And if the neglect has been such that the piece must be extracted, we must think that the first thing will be to replace it, even if it is the only one that we lack, because the dental puzzle will start to disintegrate as well as the masticatory function and eventually, they will appear problems that in principle we will not relate to the absence of dental pieces, such as: back pain, dizziness, numbness of hands or arms, etc.

The different ways of replacing the lost pieces will be with fixed or removable crowns or bridges and, where appropriate, the implants. In any of the systems we can choose we must always use the least number of metals, and if we have to use them, it must always be the same type of metal to avoid the problem of galvanism or electric currents.

Finally, we will talk about wisdom teeth or teeth, which we must watch, because in case they force us to change chewing side to cause pain at the time of the eruption, we must go to the dentist to check our occlusion, and if necessary make the appropriate wear on the pieces to be able to chew on the side that we did not, in order to avoid problems in the articulation or parts by a harmful contact.

The cordials in any way can cause problems at a distance, even without coming out in the mouth; for which they are pieces to be watched in the reviews, using for example kinesiology.

There are many aspects of the mouth and its relationship with the global health of the individual to treat.