The main objective of any ring setting is to help show off the diamond by allowing the maximum amount of light to get captured by the diamond so it will sparkle as much as possible.
The most popular ring settings one can choose from are:
- Prong setting;
- V-prong setting;
- Bezel setting;
- Channel setting;
- Pave setting;
This setting is most often preferred and used in solitaire settings. The prong setting is best used for diamonds which have lots of sparkle as it puts more emphasis on the stone itself and not the ring metal.
It takes great care to balance between putting the right amount of metal to make the diamond stone secure, but at the same time allow more surface area of the diamond to get exposed to the light for maximum brilliance.
Very thin metal wires of either platinum or gold are used to secure the diamond in its place. Raising the stone high above the shank gives it more prominence in the whole ring setting. This setting is most often used on engagement rings.
A variation of the prong setting is the V-prong setting. It is generally like the prong setting except that the prongs it used appear like a V-shape when viewed from above. This setting is used for Princess Cut stones or pear-shaped diamonds. The V-prong provides protection to the points or corners of those shapes so it will not get chipped. This setting allows maximum exposure to the stone.
In a bezel setting, the precious metal wraps around the gem like a collar. The metal sits atop the stone so the whole ring has more height and dimension. If the precious metal wraps around only half or a portion of the diamond, it is called a half bezel.
Half-bezel settings gives the whole ring a modern look and actually looks better when used on stones with fancy cuts.
Channel settings are used on round diamonds. It is best used for wedding rings, with or without a center stone. In this setting, there are small spaces in between stones especially when the stones are rounded. This setting protects the stones from chipping as the edges are not exposed.
A slight variation of this setting is the bar channel setting. In the bar channel setting, the height of the metal plate is higher than the height of the stone, which can look strikingly beautiful if there is significant contrast between the diamond and the precious metal.
Imagine a quaint European street covered with cobblestones. That is how a ring with pave setting looks like. The ring surface will be decked with tiny diamonds as if it is paved with it, hence, the name.
In this setting, the stones are placed in a row over small holes that are drilled on the metal ring. It is essential that the stones should be of the same size and should be placed without touching each other. Metal bits are injected into the ring shank to help hold the stones in place. Meticulous care, talent, skill, and experience is demanded from the jeweller when this setting is used.
You will most likely find rings with these settings in almost all jewelry stores.